June 24, 2015

Arthur Dalley is featured in the June issue of VUMC's Educator Development Core newsletter. Their Faculty Focus/Teacher Feature focuses on recent/current scholarly activity. 



Arthur ("Art") F. Dalley, Ph.D.
Professor, Cell and Developmental Biology
Adjunct Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
The Department of Cell and Developmental Biology

Current Teaching/Educator Activities:

Dr. Art Dalley has several educator roles at VUSM. His teaching duties include co-director of the Brain, Behavior & Movement Block of C2.0 along with the Gross Anatomy and Tissue Biology Classroom. In addition to Laboratory Instructor for all blocks of FMK phase of C2.0, he serves as Case-Based Learning Small Group Facilitator and leads both the OB-GYN Clinical Rotation Pelvic Anatomy and Orthopaedic Anatomy Review. Dr. Dalley has received a grant to attend the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 2nd Annual Ultrasound in Medical Education Forum at UC Irvine in 2015. He is co-author for several outstanding educational books including: Grant's Atlas of Anatomy, Essential Clinical Anatomy, and Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Dr. Dalley holds a leadership role in the American Association of Anatomists Committees for Student Publication Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowship Awards.

Educator Project Summary:

Dr. Dalley and co-author, Dr. Anne Agur (U of Toronto) are in the final throes of revising the latest (14th) edition of Grant's Atlas of Anatomy. Originally produced during WW2 when almost all atlases were Germanic, Grant's Atlas was the first North American atlas of anatomy. The illustrations were all gray scale (carbon dust) with color applied only to arteries, veins and nerves. As the technology developed, more color was added in stages. They co-authored the first entirely-colored 12th edition. Their last (13th) edition won the 2013 British Medical Association "Book of the Year" Award for Illustrated Books. However, through that edition all illustrations were produced in relatively low resolution for print. Now that the atlas (and the other books they co- authored) are available in digital format, great magnification is possible, and very high resolution is required. For the new edition, hundreds of original illustrations are being rescanned and recolored by the U. of Toronto School of Medical Illustration under their close supervision. Much more anatomical detail has become evident and there has been a lot of revision of illustrations, introducing transparency of fascia and membranes not shown previously, and many radio-graphic images are being replaced with state-of-the-art medical imaging. Simultaneously, Drs. Dalley and Agur are working with two new co-authors on a new book of essential physical diagnosis and radiological imaging, and beginning to work through the reviews obtained in preparation for the next (8th) edition of Clinically Oriented Anatomy.

Recent Scholarship:


  • Grant's Atlas of Anatomy, 14th edition (in prep.--will publish in 2016).
  •  Essential Clinical Anatomy, 5th edition, 2015; Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 7th edition, 2014 (all Wolters Kluwer, Baltimore).

Invited lectures:

  • Plenary Award Lecture: "Through A Camera Lucida Darkly: the State and Future of Anatomical Education," Henry Gray Distinguished Educator Award Symposium, American Association of Anatomists (AAA)/EB2015 Annual Meeting - 3/31/2015.
  •  "Osteophytes for Neophytes: Geriatric Musculoskeletal Anatomy for Health Care Students," Symposium on the Anatomy of Aging, AAA/EB2015 Annual Meeting -3/28/2015.
  • "History of Body Procurement for Anatomy," University of Ottawa - 2/3/2015.
  •  "From Me to We: Transitioning from Individual- to Team- based Learning and Functioning," AMSA Premedical Fest, U of Florida - 4/11/2015.


  • Received Henry Gray Distinguished Educator Medal from the American Association of Anatomists, and was elected to the rank of Fellow of the American Association of Anatomists - 3/31/2015.

Passion for Medical Education:

Dr. Dalley has a passion for delivering clinically-relevant anatomical education via visual and conceptual learning through textbooks and atlases, and classroom/team learning settings through cadaver dissection. Effective teaching requires remembering what it's like not to know. He believes anatomy educators facilitate the development of mental images that can be recalled to recognize/diagnose impaired structure and function, and to visualize/realize its restoration. It is a distinct advantage in that the subject is so demonstrable and tangible that little must be imagined. Dr. Dalley is a devoted fan of VUSM's integrated Case-based Learning and enjoys his role as a small group leader.