- Roussel M, Irish JM, Menard C, Lhomme F, Tarte K, Fest T. Regulatory myeloid cells: an underexplored continent in B-cell lymphomas. Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII. 2017 Aug;66(8). 1103-1111. PMID: 28689360 [PubMed].
In lymphomas arising from the germinal center, prognostic factors are linked to the myeloid compartment. In particular, high circulating monocyte or myeloid-derived suppressor cell counts are associated with poor prognosis for patients with high-grade B-cell lymphomas. Macrophages with an M2 phenotype are enriched within lymphoma tumors. However, the M1/M2 nomenclature is now deprecated and the clinical impact of this phenotype remains controversial. Across cancer types, myeloid cells are primarily thought to function as immune suppressors during tumor initiation and maintenance, but the biological mechanisms behind the myeloid signatures are still poorly understood in germinal center B-cell lymphomas. Herein, we describe the role and clinical relevance of myeloid cells in B-cell lymphoma and propose innovative approaches to decipher this complex cellular compartment. Indeed, characterization of this heterogeneous cell ecosystem has been largely accomplished with "low-resolution" approaches like morphological evaluation and immunohistochemistry, where cells are characterized using a few proteins and qualitative metrics. High-resolution, quantitative approaches, such as mass cytometry, are valuable to better understand myeloid cell diversity, functions, and to identify potential targets for novel therapies.