- Gentry PR, Kokubo M, Bridges TM, Noetzel MJ, Cho HP, Lamsal A, Smith E, Chase P, Hodder PS, Niswender CM, Daniels JS, Conn PJ, Lindsley CW, Wood MR. Development of a Highly Potent, Novel M5 Positive Allosteric Modulator (PAM) Demonstrating CNS Exposure: 1-((1H-Indazol-5-yl)sulfoneyl)-N-ethyl-N-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)piperidine-4-carboxamide (ML380). Journal of medicinal chemistry. 2014 Sep 3. PMID: 25147929 [PubMed].
A functional high throughput screen identified a novel chemotype for the positive allosteric modulation (PAM) of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtype 5 (M5). Application of rapid analog, iterative parallel synthesis efficiently optimized M5 potency to arrive at the most potent M5 PAMs prepared to date and provided tool compound 8n (ML380) demonstrating modest CNS penetration (human M5 EC50 = 190 nM, rat M5 EC50 = 610 nM, brain to plasma ratio (Kp) of 0.36).