Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis to Resolve DNA Topoisomers
Gibson EG , Oviatt AA , Osheroff N , . Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). ; 2119(). 15-24
- PMID: 31989511 [PubMed].
Agarose gel electrophoresis is one of the most straightforward techniques that can be used to differentiate between topoisomers of closed circular DNA molecules. Generally, the products of reactions that monitor the interconversion of DNA between negatively supercoiled and relaxed DNA or positively supercoiled and relaxed DNA can be resolved by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis. However, in more complex reactions that contain both positively and negatively supercoiled DNA, one-dimensional resolution is insufficient. In these cases, a second dimension of gel electrophoresis is necessary. This chapter describes the technique of two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis and how it can be used to resolve a spectrum of DNA topoisomers.