- Hiebert SW, Chellappan SP, Horowitz JM, Nevins JR. The interaction of RB with E2F coincides with an inhibition of the transcriptional activity of E2F. Genes & development. 1992 Feb;6(2). 177-85. PMID: 1531329 [PubMed].
Recent experiments have shown that the E2F transcription factor is in a complex with the RB1 gene product. The E2F-pRB complex can be reconstituted in an in vitro assay using a GST-RB fusion protein isolated from Escherichia coli. This interaction is dependent on pRB sequences involved in E1A/T-antigen binding as well as carboxy-terminal pRB sequences that are not necessary for E1A/T binding. Moreover, reconstitution assays reveal a requirement for an accessory factor, in addition to E2F and pRB, for formation of the E2F-pRB complex. Assays of transcription from the adenovirus E2 promoter in transfection experiments demonstrate that formation of the complex containing pRB and E2F coincides with an inhibition of E2F-dependent transcriptional activity. A mutant pRB protein that does not associate with E2F does not inhibit transcription. We conclude that as a consequence of its interaction with E2F, pRB may regulate the transcriptional function of the E2F factor.