• Feigerle JT, Weil PA. The C Terminus of the RNA Polymerase II Transcription Factor IID (TFIID) Subunit Taf2 Mediates Stable Association of Subunit Taf14 into the Yeast TFIID Complex. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2016 Oct 21;291(43). 22721-22740. PMID: 27587401 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC5077207.

Abstract 

The evolutionarily conserved RNA polymerase II transcription factor D (TFIID) complex is composed of TATA box-binding protein (TBP) and 13 TBP-associated factors (Tafs). The mechanisms by which many Taf subunits contribute to the essential function of TFIID are only poorly understood. To address this gap in knowledge, we present the results of a molecular genetic dissection of the TFIID subunit Taf2. Through systematic site-directed mutagenesis, we have discovered 12 taf2 temperature-sensitive (ts) alleles. Two of these alleles display growth defects that can be strongly suppressed by overexpression of the yeast-specific TFIID subunit TAF14 but not by overexpression of any other TFIID subunit. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Taf14 is also a constituent of six other transcription-related complexes, making interpretation of its role in each of these complexes difficult. Although Taf14 is not conserved as a TFIID subunit in metazoans, it is conserved through its chromatin-binding YEATS domain. Based on the Taf2-Taf14 genetic interaction, we demonstrate that Taf2 and Taf14 directly interact and mapped the Taf2-Taf14 interaction domains. We used this information to identify a Taf2 separation-of-function variant (Taf2-ΔC). Although Taf2-ΔC no longer interacts with Taf14 in vivo or in vitro, it stably incorporates into the TFIID complex. In addition, purified Taf2-ΔC mutant TFIID is devoid of Taf14, making this variant a powerful reagent for determining the role of Taf14 in TFIID function. Furthermore, we characterized the mechanism through which Taf14 suppresses taf2(ts) alleles, shedding light on how Taf2-Taf14 interaction contributes to TFIID complex organization and identifying a potential role for Taf14 in mediating TFIID-chromatin interactions.