• Capozzi ME, McCollum GW, Cousins DB, Penn JS. Linoleic Acid is a Diabetes-relevant Stimulator of Retinal Inflammation in Human Retinal Muller Cells and Microvascular Endothelial Cells. Journal of diabetes & metabolism. 2016 Dec;7(12). PMID: 28066685 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC5215739. NIHMSID: NIHMS838693.


To determine the effect of oleic acid and linoleic acid on the production and secretion of specific diabetic retinopathy- (DR-) related cytokines: vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) by human retinal glial cells, retinal endothelial cells, and retinal pigment epithelial cells. These expression profiles will be compared to those obtained by treatment of the same cell types with elevated D-glucose, a diabetes-relevant stimulus often used in retinal cell culture experiments.