• Moore CB, Wallace JR, Wolfe DJ, Frase AT, Pendergrass SA, Weiss KM, Ritchie MD. Low frequency variants, collapsed based on biological knowledge, uncover complexity of population stratification in 1000 genomes project data. PLoS genetics. 2013 Dec;9(12). e1003959. PMID: 24385916 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC3873241.

Abstract 

Analyses investigating low frequency variants have the potential for explaining additional genetic heritability of many complex human traits. However, the natural frequencies of rare variation between human populations strongly confound genetic analyses. We have applied a novel collapsing method to identify biological features with low frequency variant burden differences in thirteen populations sequenced by the 1000 Genomes Project. Our flexible collapsing tool utilizes expert biological knowledge from multiple publicly available database sources to direct feature selection. Variants were collapsed according to genetically driven features, such as evolutionary conserved regions, regulatory regions genes, and pathways. We have conducted an extensive comparison of low frequency variant burden differences (MAF