• Cartier E, Hamilton PJ, Belovich AN, Shekar A, Campbell NG, Saunders C, Andreassen TF, Gether U, Veenstra-Vanderweele J, Sutcliffe JS, Ulery-Reynolds PG, Erreger K, Matthies HJ, Galli A. Rare autism-associated variants implicate syntaxin 1 (STX1 R26Q) phosphorylation and the dopamine transporter (hDAT R51W) in dopamine neurotransmission and behaviors. EBioMedicine. 2015 Feb;2(2). 135-146. PMID: 25774383 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC4353922. NIHMSID: NIHMS662353.

Abstract 

Syntaxin 1 (STX1) is a presynaptic plasma membrane protein that coordinates synaptic vesicle fusion. STX1 also regulates the function of neurotransmitter transporters, including the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT). The DAT is a membrane protein that controls DA homeostasis through the high-affinity re-uptake of synaptically released DA.