- Wainright KS, Fleming NJ, Rowles JL, Welly RJ, Zidon TM, Park YM, Gaines TL, Scroggins RJ, Anderson-Baucum EK, Hasty AH, Vieira-Potter VJ, Padilla J. Retention of sedentary obese visceral white adipose tissue phenotype with intermittent physical activity despite reduced adiposity. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology. 2015 Sep;309(5). R594-602. PMID: 26180183 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC4591377.
Regular physical activity is effective in reducing visceral white adipose tissue (AT) inflammation and oxidative stress, and these changes are commonly associated with reduced adiposity. However, the impact of multiple periods of physical activity, intercalated by periods of inactivity, i.e., intermittent physical activity, on markers of AT inflammation and oxidative stress is unknown. In the present study, 5-wk-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomized into three groups (n = 10/group): sedentary, regular physical activity, and intermittent physical activity, for 24 wk. All animals were singly housed and fed a diet containing 45% kcal from fat. Regularly active mice had access to voluntary running wheels throughout the study period, whereas intermittently active mice had access to running wheels for 3-wk intervals (i.e., 3 wk on/3 wk off) throughout the study. At death, regular and intermittent physical activity was associated with similar reductions in visceral AT mass (approximately -24%, P