• Kipp AM, Blevins M, Haley CA, Mwinga K, Habimana P, Shepherd BE, Aliyu MH, Ketsela T, Vermund SH. Factors associated with declining under-five mortality rates from 2000 to 2013: an ecological analysis of 46 African countries. BMJ open. 6(1). e007675. PMID: 26747029 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC4716228.


Inadequate overall progress has been made towards the 4th Millennium Development Goal of reducing under-five mortality rates by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Progress has been variable across African countries. We examined health, economic and social factors potentially associated with reductions in under-five mortality (U5M) from 2000 to 2013.