• Phiri K, Hernandez-Diaz S, Dugan KB, Williams PL, Dudley JA, Jules A, Callahan ST, Seage GR, Cooper WO. First trimester exposure to antiretroviral therapy and risk of birth defects. The Pediatric infectious disease journal. 2014 Jul;33(7). 741-6. PMID: 24445829 [PubMed].


Use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of birth defects, but the evidence remains inconclusive.