• Stewart IJ, Glass KR, Howard JT, Morrow BD, Sosnov JA, Siew ED, Wickersham N, Latack W, Kwan HK, Heegard KD, Diaz C, Henderson AT, Saenz KK, Ikizler TA, Chung KK. The potential utility of urinary biomarkers for risk prediction in combat casualties: a prospective observational cohort study. Critical care (London, England). 2015 Jun 16;19(1). 252 p. PMID: 26077788 [PubMed].

Abstract 

Traditional risk scoring prediction models for trauma use either anatomically based estimations of injury or presenting vital signs. Markers of organ dysfunction may provide additional prognostic capability to these models. The objective of this study was to evaluate if urinary biomarkers are associated with poor outcomes, including death and the need for renal replacement therapy.