Altered systemic hemodynamic and baroreflex response to angiotensin II in postural tachycardia syndrome.

  • Mustafa HI, Raj SR, Diedrich A, Black BK, Paranjape SY, Dupont WD, Williams GH, Biaggioni I, Robertson D. Altered systemic hemodynamic and baroreflex response to angiotensin II in postural tachycardia syndrome. Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology. 2012 Feb;5(1). 173-80. PMID: 22247480 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC3577936. NIHMSID: NIHMS356603.

Abstract 

Background

Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by excessive orthostatic tachycardia and significant functional disability. We have previously found that patients with POTS have increases in plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) that are twice as high as healthy subjects despite normal blood pressures (BPs). In this study, we assess systemic and renal hemodynamic and functional responses to Ang II infusion in patients with POTS compared with healthy controls.

Methods And Results

Following a 3-day sodium-controlled diet, we infused Ang II (3 ng/kg per minute) for 1 hour in patients with POTS (n=15) and healthy controls (n=13) in the supine position. All study subjects were women with normal BP. Ages were similar for patients with POTS and controls (mean±SEM, 30±2 versus 26±1 years; P=0.11). We measured the changes from baseline mean arterial pressure, renal plasma flow, plasma renin activity, aldosterone, urine sodium, and baroreflex sensitivity in both groups. In response to Ang II infusion, patients with POTS had a blunted increase compared with controls in mean arterial pressure (10±1 versus 14±1 mm Hg, P=0.01) and diastolic BP (9±1 versus 13±1 mm Hg, P=0.01) but not systolic BP (13±2 versus 15±2 mm Hg, P=0.40). Renal plasma flow decreased similarly with Ang II infusion in patients with POTS versus controls (-166±20 versus -181±17 mL/min per 1.73 kg/m(2), P=0.58). Postinfusion, the decrease in plasma renin activity (-0.9±0.2 versus -0.6±0.2 ng/mL per hour, P=0.43) and the increase in aldosterone (17±1 versus 15±2 pg/mL, P=0.34) were similar in both groups. The decrease in urine sodium excretion was similar in patients with POTS and controls (-49±12 versus -60±16 mEq/g creatinine, P=0.55). The spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity at baseline was significantly lower in patients with POTS compared with controls (10.1±1.2 versus 16.8±1.5 ms/mm Hg, P=0.003), and it was further reduced with Ang II infusion.

Conclusions

Patients with POTS have blunted vasopressor response to Ang II and impaired baroreflex function. This impaired vasoconstrictive response might be exaggerated with upright posture and may contribute to the subsequent orthostatic tachycardia that is the hallmark of this disorder. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00962949.