Characterization of genome-wide association-identified variants for atrial fibrillation in African Americans.

  • Delaney JT, Jeff JM, Brown NJ, Pretorius M, Okafor HE, Darbar D, Roden DM, Crawford DC. Characterization of genome-wide association-identified variants for atrial fibrillation in African Americans. PloS one. 7(2). e32338. PMID: 22384221 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC3285683.

Abstract 

Background

Despite a greater burden of risk factors, atrial fibrillation (AF) is less common among African Americans than European-descent populations. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for AF in European-descent populations have identified three predominant genomic regions associated with increased risk (1q21, 4q25, and 16q22). The contribution of these loci to AF risk in African American is unknown.

Methodology/principal Findings

We studied 73 African Americans with AF from the Vanderbilt-Meharry AF registry and 71 African American controls, with no history of AF including after cardiac surgery. Tests of association were performed for 148 SNPs across the three regions associated with AF, and 22 SNPs were significantly associated with AF (P

Conclusions/significance

Variable European admixture at known AF loci does not explain decreased AF susceptibility in African Americans. These data support the role of 1q21, 4q25, and 16q22 variants in AF risk for African Americans, although the index SNPs differ from those identified in European-descent populations.