• Bruckner TA, Domina T, Hwang JK, Gerlinger J, Carpenter C, Wakefield S. State-level education standards for substance use prevention programs in schools: a systematic content analysis. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. 2014 Apr;54(4). 467-73. PMID: 24016749 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC3947729. NIHMSID: NIHMS510054.


Three fourths of public schools in the United States maintain instructional programs to discourage alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use. State-sanctioned instructional standards attempt to direct this ATOD preventive education. No existing research, however, systematically codes these standards across all grades and states. We performed such an analysis.