• Coate KC, Kraft G, Shiota M, Smith MS, Farmer B, Neal DW, Williams P, Cherrington AD, Moore MC. Chronic overeating impairs hepatic glucose uptake and disposition. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism. 2015 May 15;308(10). E860-7. PMID: 25783892 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC4587587.

Abstract 

Dogs consuming a hypercaloric high-fat and -fructose diet (52 and 17% of total energy, respectively) or a diet high in either fructose or fat for 4 wk exhibited blunted net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) and glycogen deposition in response to hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and portal glucose delivery. The effect of a hypercaloric diet containing neither fructose nor excessive fat has not been examined. Dogs with an initial weight of ≈25 kg consumed a chow and meat diet (31% protein, 44% carbohydrate, and 26% fat) in weight-maintaining (CTR; n = 6) or excessive (Hkcal; n = 7) amounts for 4 wk (cumulative weight gain 0.0 ± 0.3 and 1.5 ± 0.5 kg, respectively, P