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ROCK-nmMyoII, Notch, and gene-dosage link epithelial morphogenesis with cell fate in the pancreatic endocrine-progenitor niche


Bankaitis ED , Bechard ME , Gu G , Magnuson MA , Wright CVE , . Development (Cambridge, England). 2018 8 20; ().


During pancreas organogenesis, endocrine cells are born from progenitors residing in an epithelial plexus niche. After a period in a lineage-primed state, progenitors become endocrine-committed via upregulation of We find the to transition is associated with distinct stages of an epithelial egression process: narrowing the cell’s apical surface, basalward cell movement, and eventual cell-rear detachment from the apical lumen surface to allow clustering as nascent islets under the basement membrane. Apical narrowing, basalward movement, and transcriptional upregulation still occur without Neurog3 protein, suggesting that morphogenetic cues deployed within the plexus initiate endocrine commitment upstream or independent of Neurog3. Neurog3 is required for cell-rear detachment and complete endocrine-cell birth. The ROCK-nmMyoII pathway coordinates epithelial-cell morphogenesis and the progression through -expressing states. NmMyoII is necessary for apical narrowing and basalward cell displacement, and upregulation, but all three are limited by ROCK activity. We propose that ROCK-nmMyoII activity, gene-dose, and Notch signaling integrate endocrine fate-allocation with epithelial plexus growth and morphogenesis, representing a feedback control circuit that coordinates morphogenesis with lineage diversification in the endocrine-birth niche.